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The Rise and Fall of Adolph Hitler-Part 3

Wir fahr’n fahr’n fahr’n auf der Autobahn

-Kraftwerk

 

Days after Hitler took over as German Chancellor, he embraced an ambitious Autobahn Project.He appointed  Fritz Todt, the Inspector General of German Road Construction, to lead it. By 1936, 130,000 workers were directly employed in construction, as well as an additional 270,000 in the supply chain for construction equipment, steel, concrete, signage, maintenance equipment, etc. In rural areas, new camps to house the workers were built near construction sites. The job creation program aspect was not especially important because full employment was almost reached by 1936. The autobahns were not primarily intended as major infrastructure improvement of special value to the military as often stated. Their military value was limited as all major military transports in Germany were done by train to save fuel. The propaganda ministry turned the construction of the autobahns into a major media event that attracted international attention.

The autobahns formed the first limited-access, high-speed road network in the world, with the first section from Frankfurt am Main to Darmstadt opening in 1935. This straight section was used for high speed record attempts by the Grand Prix racing teams of Mercedes-Benz and Auto Union (later becoming Audi) until a fatal accident involving popular German race driver Bernd Rosemeyer in early 1938. The world record of 432 km/h (268 mph) set by Rudolf Caracciola on this stretch just prior to the accident remains one of the highest speeds ever achieved on a public motorway.

Contrary to popular belief, it was not Hitler who dreamed up the Autobahn, but the Weimar Republic in the mid 1920’s. Construction was slow and most of it never left the designing table due to lack of money or political support.Yet Hitler, with the the help of Dr. Ferdinand Porche did conceive the peoples car, the Volkswagen Beetle. The Beetle was to be easily maintained and thrifty on fuel.

Hitler was also beefing up the Military which proved to be a boon for the German economy. His buildup, however, had to be concealed from the League of Nations who had observers who watched for any violations of the Treaty of Versailles.

The treaty limited the size that the German Army was to be allowed, so an Adult version of the Boy Scouts was started. They went on long marches, camped over night, had rifle training and Generally looked to the world to be a bunch of guys enjoying the outdoors. These “Boy Scouts” were actually a way to train German Soldiers how to live in the field without raising suspicions. Hitler also needed fighter pilots but there were restrictions on them as well. So, Glider Clubs were formed. There was nothing in the treaty saying a bunch of guys could not fly gliders. As for heavy bombers, there was no way to hide that, or was there? Hitler started the State Run Airline, Lufthansa. Bomber pilots has to know how to handle large aircraft and what better way to train than with passenger aircraft?

The Navy had to be built up in secret so submarine pens were constructed  and this is where the subs were built. Germany did not put much thought into a large Navy such as Britain had, but they knew the effectiveness of submarine warfare on Convoys. Britain was an Island with not much landmass, so she, like Japan, had to get material from other countries. Japan, on the other hand, had limited resources and had to rely on the world for just about everything (which is one reason why they entered the war in the first place, but more on that at a later date). Japan also had restrictions on her Military, but unlike Germany who relied on Battleships, heavy cruisers, and Submarines, Japan built Aircraft Carriers. More on this later as well.

Once Hitler became Der Fuhrer, once the military was built up, once the people adored him for all he had done, it was time to “Make Germany Great Again”

The Rise and Fall of Adolph Hitler-Part 2

Hitler was Germany’s new Chancellor, but that was not where he wanted to be. After having removed his political opponents and rivals, there was still one person blocking his way to becoming the sole ruler of Germany; President Field Marshall Paul Von Hindenburg. For Hitler, to be standing in Hindenburg’s shadow was unbearable.

Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg, known generally as Paul von Hindenburg was a German military officer, statesman, and politician who served as the second President of Germany from 1925–34.Like Hitler, Hindenburg was not German, he was Polish. Born October 2, 1847, Poznań, Poland, the son of Prussian aristocrat Robert von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg (1816–1902) and his wife Luise Schwickart (1825–1893), the daughter of medical doctor Karl Ludwig Schwickart and his wife Julie Moennich. Hindenburg was embarrassed by his mother’s non-aristocratic background and hardly mentioned her at all in his memoirs. His paternal lineage was considered highly distinguished; in fact, he was descended from one of the most respected ancient noble families in Prussia. His paternal grandfather was Otto Ludwig von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg (1778–1855), through whom he was remotely descended from the illegitimate daughter of Count Heinrich VI of Waldeck. Hindenburg was also a descendant of Martin Luther and his wife Katharina von Bora through their daughter Margareta Luther. He was a German military officer, statesman, and politician who served as the second President of Germany from 1925–34.

In 1934, Hindenburg died of Lung Cancer in his native Poland. Hitler immediately appointed himself as head of state and Commander in Chief of all Armed Forces (such as they were). In his first Reichstag speech following Hindenburgs death, he claimed he would not claim the salary due him as President. This Declaration represented the same demagogic wizardry as Goebbels propaganda and was designed to convince the German People that he was a selfless being who only served his Countrymen.

With the assumption of power, Hitler became one of the richest men in Germany. He was earning millions and had no need for the Presidential Salary. His book, “Mein Kampf”, was compulsory reading and made enormous profits. He was also part owner of Eher, the Party publishing house, which bought up one publisher after another to become one of the largest printing houses in Germany. Because of it’s Monopoly Status, it was able to pay enormous dividends and Hitler received the Lions share. He also has unrestricted access to the National Socialist Party Funds, which was basically a massive capitalist concern. Together with membership fees and large donations from German Bankers and Industrialists income also included various businesses and estates.

He was not happy with this. Flying in the face of rules established at the time of take over, Hitler decreed that both State and Representative funds should be excluded from control by the treasury to allow him to use the money for hie own purposes. At the time he declared,”I am not having it that some old cripple should tell me how to spend my money!”

Let’s look at an example of how frugal Hitler was with his money; On the Obersalzberg near Berchteagarden, Hitler bought a huge plot of land and a luxurious Country House was built there that we know as Berghof. To make this happen, the land had to be cleared of houses, hotels and even a Sanatorium for handicapped children from all over Germany ad to disappear. Not only was the peoples money squandered, but so was human life. It was built on an almost insurmountable  cliff walls that rose to great heights. Explosives were used without sufficent care, causing avalanches and rock slides Working conditions were similar to those imposed on Prisoners, and there were numerous deaths.

To build this cost 100 million marks and sat 1,000 meters in the air.

The Rise and Fall of Adolph Hitler

As we all should know, Hitler came to power on January 30th, 1933. This Austrian born failed artist, son of a stern Government Civil Servant and a doting mother, who desperately wanted to be an architect, only to be blinded temporary during World War 1, serving as a Messenger and rising to the rank of Corporal, who blamed Jews and others on Germanys fate at the hands of the Treaty of Versailles, attempted a putsch only to land in Prison where he wrote his book “Mein Kampf”,  and after leaving, re-entered politics by joining up with a small political party which he eventually took over, was now standing at a window in the German Reich Chancellery watching the changing of the Guard. The changing of the Guard was being performed by the Leibstandarte “Adolf Hitler”, his private Body Guards.

Hitler fought for this position and in no uncertain terms told the Reich Chief Press Officer, Otto Dietrich, “They predicted that I wouldn’t last more than a few months. But they will be amazed: I am staying put!” He then announced he would crush by any means resistance.

“I am not a Chancellor like Bismarck, who was just the Kaisers minister. I have my own party! I am the Fuhrer! What qualities should a Fuhrer possess? Above all, a name that is constantly on everyones lips. For that reason I have introduced the greeting, “Heil Hitler”, which features my name. In the circumstances I am more than happy I was not born Oberhubinger or Unterkirchner! (His family name was actually Scheklgruber) The masses must always have the Fuhrer before their eyes…all cameras must be directed towards me, the crowd follows my every move. The fuhrer needs to move the masses like an actor-his clothing, his mimicry and his gestures-they are all important”.

After lunch, he turned toward his adjutants and said, “How lucky I am that Providence dent me to the desperate German people as a saviour in their hour of need.”

Hitler, a Roman Catholic, believed that he was an instrument of God sent to free the German people from the shackles of Oppression.

The treaty of Versailles, the document signed that made Germanys surrender official, was a peace treaty between the five nations, France, Germany, Britain, Austria-Hungary and the United States after World War I. The treaty was made in 1919, but the German government did not participate in it.The main terms of the Versailles Treaty were: (1) the surrender of all German colonies as League of Nations mandates; (2) the return of Alsace-Lorraine to France; (3) cession of Eupen-Malmedy to Belgium, Memel to Lithuania, the Hultschin district to Czechoslovakia, The treaty forced Germany to disarm, make substantial territorial concessions, and pay reparations to certain countries that had formed the Entente powers. In 1921 the total cost of these reparations was assessed at 132 billion Marks (then $31.4 billion or £6.6 billion, roughly equivalent to US $442 billion or UK £284 billion in 2016). 

In June 1919, the Allies declared that war would resume if the German government did not sign the treaty they had agreed to among themselves.The German Government hemmed and hawed, stating many of the terms of the Treaty were harsh. For example, The number of civilian staff supporting the army was reduced and the police force was reduced to its pre-war size, with increases limited to population increases; paramilitary forces were forbidden. Military structures and fortifications on the islands of Heligoland and Düne were to be destroyed. Germany was prohibited from the arms trade, limits were imposed on the type and quantity of weapons and prohibited from the manufacture or stockpile of chemical weapons, armored cars, tanks and military aircraft. The German navy was allowed six pre-dreadnought battleships and was limited to a maximum of six light cruisers (not exceeding 6,000 long tons (6,100 t)), twelve destroyers (not exceeding 800 long tons (810 t)) and twelve torpedo boats (not exceeding 200 long tons (200 t)) and was forbidden submarines. The manpower of the navy was not to exceed 15,000 men, including manning for the fleet, coast defences, signal stations, administration, other land services, officers and men of all grades and corps. The number of officers and warrant officers was not allowed to exceed 1,500 men. Germany surrendered eight battleships, eight light cruisers, forty-two destroyers, and fifty torpedo boats for decommissioning. Thirty-two auxiliary ships were to be disarmed and converted to merchant use. Article 198 prohibited Germany from having an air force, including naval air forces, and required Germany to hand over all aerial related materials. In conjunction, Germany was forbidden to manufacture or import aircraft or related material for a period of six months following the signing of the treaty.

The Allies told the Germans they had 24 hours to sign…or else they would invade again. Germany signed.

The German economy was so weak that only a small percentage of reparations was paid in hard currency. Nonetheless, even the payment of this small percentage of the original reparations (132 billion gold marks) still placed a significant burden on the German economy.Although the causes of the devastating post-war hyperinflation are complex and disputed, Germans blamed the near-collapse of their economy on the treaty, and some economists estimated that the reparations accounted for as much as one-third of the hyper-inflation.

To put it in perspective, it took a wheelbarrow full of money to buy a loaf of bread.

Hitler took his message of hope to a downtrodden people who were unemployed, hungry, and angry at how their once great nation was being treated. They want answers and solutions, but they also did not want the Communist party to gain a toehold in their country. Hitler offered them that hope and told the people that the Jews and other non-Germans were to blame. The people ate it up.

Once in power, as everyone knows, Hitler trained his cross hairs firmly on the Jews, slavs, and other non Germans.

The Dumbing Down of the Electorate

We don’t need no education
We don’t need no thought control
No dark sarcasm in the classroom
Teachers leave them kids alone
Hey teacher leave them kids alone
All in all it’s just another brick in the wall
All in all you’re just another brick in the wall

-Pink Floyd “Another Brick in the Wall, Pt 2”

As a teacher, I am supposed to be unbiased, non-partisan, non-judgemental, and above all have my students best interest at heart. This is one time that train is jumping the tracks and going into the woods to slam into grandmothers house.

This past election showed just how ill prepared the voting public really was. Instead of researching the Candidates, issues, and how the Candidate can affect the country, most relied upon sound bites and what they could get from Social Media.

Did  you see just how many fake news sites there are? If you wanted to reinforce your opinion on any given subject, you could find a site tailor made for you. Most people said it was a waste of time to research and they had no idea where to begin. They claimed to get at the truth of any matter was time consuming and not worth their while.

Critical thinking skills, or as we call it, sorting the wheat from the chaff, are no longer taught in schools. What is taught now is answers to a test. It is all rote. There is no discussion about subjects, and many subjects are sugar coated to make it palatable to “sensitive” students. Schools now are more concerned with teaching kids to respect authority and not to question anything.

When I went to school in Maryland, we were taught Christopher Columbus discovered America, everything was invented by white people,  and that we were the greatest country on earth. When I started school, I had already lived in another Country (Spain), learned their language, their culture, and customs. I was also living in a dictatorship where the people were dirt poor and fearful of the La Guardia (Francos personal Security Force). Coming back here was a real culture shock. What got to me more was the way history was taught. It seemed to me everything centered around France and England. As time went on, Germany was thrown in, but nothing about any other Country.

After I graduated from High School, I continued to question everything and discovered; Columbus never set foot on the American Continent Vikings did. Tesla was light years ahead of Edison, the Pilgrims did not come here to escape religious persecution, but to practice it.

Politics, often a murky area which would give Gollum happiness, was perhaps the hardest to unravel. I then discovered, you need history to understand Politics. For those who do not study history are, indeed, doomed to repeat it.

This election, we are seeing it. The same bile spewed by one Adolf Hitler is being spewed again. The same blaming others for the condition of things and recommending registries is back in vogue. Most people do not understand a Corporation is only beholden to it’s stock holders and investors. If the Corporation can find ways of bringing more money in to please those two groups, they will. The one way to do that is go where wages are low and the people are grateful for what they get. It is not the immigrants coming in and stealing jobs, it is the jobs going overseas. In Agriculture, Immigrants toil away under a blazing sun to pick produce. They are used to this for their Country was agriculturally based. Piece work? Piece of cake.

So, when a candidate is saying that the common while person is losing their job to an immigrant, it is time to research and go in deep. Yes, there will be instances where this may of occurred, but by and large, the Company moved operations somewhere else.

Trump played the emotions and fears of the voters like a violin. He knew what to say, what they wanted to hear, and how to get “his” message across. People heard this and they were wiling to follow him into the very gates of Hell regardless of his checkered past. The voters failed to vet him themselves. They were will to take his brand and run with it.

Can something like this be stopped in the future? Yes, by education. Get politics out of education and let teachers do their job. The students do not need to learn a party ideology, they need to learn how to think and draw their own conclusions. The electorate needs to be able to decide which is right and which is BS.

 

 

The Media is the Massage

Fear sells. Used to be sex, but now it’s fear. There is a science behind this, a type of data gathering across a vast spectrum of the population. This is accomplished sometimes without you even knowing. Social media is a great place to start, but it didn’t always used to be this way.

In the early days, you had the Nielsons. In the beginning, it was a desktop receiver that monitored your viewing habits and sent the info back to be analyzed. From this, they could get an idea of your viewing habits. They might even have you fill out an innocent looking form that asked a variety of questions. From this form, they could tell what level of education you and your neighbors attained, if you ever traveled out of the U.S.,  innocent questions. Right?

Wrong. Programming was set up around the answers you and others gave. If they saw you were a news junkie, they could determine your political leanings. From there they would give this information to news outlets so they can tailor their broadcasts to you and others who were like minded. Yes, there were those Giants who tried to be impartial, but after they left, it was up to the up and comers who wanted face time with the average household. They told you what you wanted to hear. They learned camera angles could make a gathering of less than 100 people look like thousands.

They went after sensationalism because that is what they gleaned from the data they discovered. What would people watch? An archeological dig of a long forgotten city or the latest dope on a Hollywood Starlet? The lost city might get air time if the city met with a disaster, like Pompeii.

Remember the movie, “Jaws”? It took that movie to make people have a sudden interest in Sharks. The movie portrayed a shark as a master killer feasting on humans of a small town. The news suddenly began covering shark attacks from around the world on almost a weekly basis. It took the Discovery Channel to take a chance and created “Shark Week”. It was educational,  and put some fears to rest. Then they brought out the whale eating Meglodon and that is another story…

The point I am making is the Media will take your worse fears and attempt to amplify them. When your interest starts to wane, they will come up with something else. They will never give you the full story, only what they feel will keep you watching. As with Sharks, they never told you Sharks hate the taste of people or that you are more likely to be killed by a cow. To tell you that would of deflated the fears they were trying to create.

Remember, fear makes the wolf look bigger. Educate yourself with multiple sources and you will discover that wolf is a teacup dog.

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